By Dr_Trisha-Macnair Published 01/23/2016 13:57:00 | Views: 523

What causes it?

The SRSV lives in the gut and is passed from person-to-person by the faecal-oral route caused by poor hygiene after using the bathroom. It can also be spread from person-to-person when someone vomits and small aerosols containing the virus enter the air.

The amount of virus needed to cause the illness is very small and it's easily spread in closed communities such as hospitals, schools and cruise ships.

The incubation period is usually between 24 to 48 hours, then severe and sudden projectile vomiting, diarrhoea and fever symptons develop and last for about 48 hours.

How common is it?

Winter vomiting disease is the commonest cause of gut infection and an estimated 267 million people are affected and causes over 200,000 deaths each year; these deaths are usually in less developed countries and in the very young, elderly and immunosuppressed

How should it be treated?

The infection is unpleasant, but rarely dangerous. There's no specific treatment. Rest, drinking plenty of water and other supportive measures are recommended. Practising good hygiene and hand washing will reduce the chance of passing on the infection.

To avoid spreading the infection, people suffering from this condition should stay away from work while the symptoms persist and for about two days after the symptoms have gone when they will still be infectious.

By Dr_Trisha-Macnair 01/23/2016 13:57:00

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